In 1991 the Norwegian Nobel Institute established a research program. TheÂ program brought a small group of researchers to the Institute, where theyÂ spent some months working on topics of related interest. In a world ofÂ growing specialization, the Institute emphasized broad topics and broughtÂ together historians and political scientists. Many of the researchers came fromÂ the United States; that was only natural since so many of the leading onesÂ worked at Americaâs excellent universities. The Institute did, however, make aÂ point of inviting some of the younger Russian and even Chinese scholars toÂ Norway. At least they were young when they first came; they may not be soÂ young now. The increasingly global approach of the Nobel Peace Prize shouldÂ also be reflected in the focus of the Instituteâs research program.Â The purpose of the research program was to take away any excuse the
selected fellows might have had for not doing good research. The NobelÂ Institute provided them with a sparsely furnished office equipped withÂ modern means of communication, a superb library, interesting colleagues,Â and a professional staff. The only obligation the fellows had was to present aÂ research paper at the biweekly research seminar and to take part in theÂ discussion about the papers of the other fellows. The discussions were alwaysÂ âfrank.â For some time we focused on various aspects of the Cold War. And forÂ many years virtually all the leading books on the Cold War were produced byÂ scholars who had spent at least some time at the Nobel Institute.Â In 2011 the research program celebrated its twentieth anniversary.