It has taken me forty-four years to write this bookÃ¢ÂÂtheÃÂ length of time I have been studying Pakistan (and India). My early interests
were in the role of the military, but I was unable to visit Pakistan untilÃÂ 1978, as an earlier application for a visa had been turned down by theÃÂ government of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.ÃÂ When I did visit Pakistan for the first time I was surprised to discoverÃÂ that my personal Ã¢ÂÂidea of PakistanÃ¢ÂÂ was wildly inaccurate: not better, notÃÂ worse, just different. That trip led to a book, The Pakistan Army. ResearchÃÂ for that book was made possible by General Zia ul-Haq, who promptlyÃÂ banned it, although he eventually told an aide to Ã¢ÂÂlet the professorÃ¢ÂÂs bookÃÂ be published.Ã¢ÂÂ ZiaÃ¢ÂÂs decision was only one of the many paradoxes IÃÂ encountered in studying Pakistan, and the mixture of hope and frustrationÃÂ reflected in The Pakistan Army is to be found here as well.