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THIS BOOK IS RECOMMENDED BY FPSC FOR OPTIONAL SUBJECT POLITICAL SCIENCE
The QurÃ¢ÂÂan is a book which emphasizes Ã¢ÂÂdeedÃ¢ÂÂ rather than Ã¢ÂÂideaÃ¢ÂÂ. There are, however, men to whom itÃÂ is not possible organically to assimilate an alien universe by re-living, as a vital process, that specialÃÂ type of inner experience on which religious faith ultimately rests. Moreover, the modern man, byÃÂ developing habits of concrete thought Ã¢ÂÂ habits which Islam itself fostered at least in the earlier stages ofÃÂ its cultural career Ã¢ÂÂ has rendered himself less capable of that experience which he further suspectsÃÂ because of its liability to illusion. The more genuine schools of Sufism have, no doubt, done good workÃÂ in shaping and directing the evolution of religious experience in Islam; but their latter-dayÃÂ representatives, owing to their ignorance of the modern mind, have become absolutely incapable ofÃÂ receiving any fresh inspiration from modern thought and experience. They are perpetuating methodsÃÂ which were created forgenerations possessing a cultural outlook differing, in important respects, fromÃÂ our own. Ã¢ÂÂYour creation andresurrection,Ã¢ÂÂ says the QurÃ¢ÂÂÃÂ«n, Ã¢ÂÂare like the creation and resurrection of aÃÂ single soul.Ã¢ÂÂ A living experience of the kind of biological unity, embodied in this verse, requires todayÃÂ a method physiologically less violent and psychologically more suitable to a concrete type of mind. InÃÂ the absence of such a method the demand for a scientific form of religious knowledge is only natural.ÃÂ In these Lectures, which were undertaken at the request of the Madras Muslim Association andÃÂ delivered at Madras, Hyderabad, and Aligarh, I have tried to meet, even though partially, this urgentÃÂ demand by attempting to reconstruct Muslim religious philosophy with due regard to the philosophicalÃÂ traditions of Islam and the more recent developments in the various domains of human knowledge.